A project under the
Euro-Mediterranean Regional Programme For
Local Water Management
Zer0-M aims at
concepts and technologies to achieve optimised close-loop usage of all
water flows in small municipalities or settlements (e.g. tourism
facilities) not connected to a central wastewater treatment - the Zero
Outflow Municipality (Zer0-M).
Several technologies are already available, which allow
efficient wastewater treatment and re-use without hygienic risks on a
low-cost and easy-to-handle kovach level. These
includes sanitation systems with low water consumption, separation of
grey and black water, biological treatment of grey water and reuse for
non-drinking purposes (e.g. irrigation), bio-membrane reactors for
intense treatment, constructed wetlands for extensive treatment, sludge
hygienisation for re-use as fertiliser.
The beneficiary countries
are Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia and Turkey.
consortium consists of 10 partners
from these four Mediterranean Partner Countries (MPC) and the
EU-countries Italy, Austria and Germany and comprises environmental
NGOs, non-profit professional organisations and research institutions.
Target groups of the project are experts from administration,
planning and engineers. Awareness raising measures additional target on
schools and interested public.
Zer0-M wants to enable one centre in
each country to implement and disseminate SWM solutions and to promote
the technologies and the approach among authorities and consumers. Main
issues to be taken into consideration are:
? Function, treatment performance and maintenance requirements of
existing SWM technologies
? Integrated concepts for different applications of decentralised waste
water treatment and re-use
? small settlements in rural areas with agricultural production
? isolated tourism facilities
? peri-urban areas not connected to a centralised waste water
collection and treatment system .
? Hygienic aspects and good practice to avoid health hazards, with
special regard on re-use of wastewater and sludge for irrigation and
? Costs and tariffing.
? Set-up of an Internet network for experts on the above described
topics; building up links to existing websites; organisation of
regional and international conferences, publication of a journal. (Know-how exchange)
and workshops in Training and Demonstration Centres (TDC) in four
MEDA-Partner countries addressing different target groups; excursions for experts to
existing SWM examples in EU countries; up-dating of relevant legislation in order to
discuss SWM friendly regulations.
?Realisation of Zer0-M installations attached to four TDCs (components: water saving
household and sanitary appliances, biological grey water treatment,
membrane bioreactors, constructed wetlands); monitoring; pilot implementations for a
site in Egypt, a Tunisian rural settlement and a development site in
Morocco. (Technology transfer).
? Case studies on four
small municipalities or settlements in the 4 MPCs with the elaboration
of Zer0-M concepts, developing cartographic visualisation and
representation tools, a software
tool for modelling economic effects and a life cycle assessment of
environment and health aspects of SWM components.
?A CD-ROM containing a video and information about
SWM for different target groups. (Awareness raising).
September 2003 - February 2009